Principle 6: Project Life Cycle Management

Extractive Industries Source Book
The objective of the Source Book is to provide developing nations with greater technical understanding and practical options related to oil, gas and mining sector development issues. It is targeted at governments, but contains information relevant for Operators.

International Association of Oil & Gas Producers (OGP)
OGP allows members to identify and share best practices to improve health, safety, environmental practices, security, social responsibility, engineering and operations. Of particular relevance is OGP Report No. 362, Catalogue of International Standards Used in the Petroleum and Natural Gas Industries.

International Environmental Standard in the Oil Industry: Improving the Operations of Transnational Oil Companies in Emerging Economies
Published by the Australian University of Adelaide, this paper discusses environmental best practices in the oil industry.

IPIECA - The global Oil and Gas Industry Association for Environmental and Social Issues
IPIECA helps the oil and gas industry improve its environmental and social performance by developing, sharing and promoting good practices and solutions; enhancing and communicating knowledge and understanding; engaging members and others in the industry; and working in partnership with key stakeholders.

Society of Petroleum Engineers
SPE serves managers, engineers, scientists and other professionals in the upstream segment of the oil and gas industry. The website contains publications on industry technical applications, issues and discoveries, as well as information on training.

American Petroleum Institute (API) Model Environmental, Health and Safety (EHS) System
The API Publication 9100 is a voluntary tool to assist oil and gas companies interested in developing an EHS management system or enhancing an existing system.

Chartered Quality Institute – Management System Standards
This website of the UK’s chartered professional body for quality management provides a knowledge hub for information on management system standards.

ISO – International Standard Organization
This website provides basic information on ISO Management Systems, including their applicability and content. See especially, ISO14001:2004 (Environmental Management Systems - Requirements with Guidance for Use) and ISO/TS 29001:2010 (Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries – Sector-specific quality management systems – Requirements for product and service supply organizations).

OHSAS 18001, Occupational Health and Safety Management System
OHSAS 18000 is an international occupational health and safety management system specification intended to minimize risk to employees, improve an existing OH&S management system, demonstrate diligence and gain assurance.

A Guide to Social Impact Assessment in the Oil & Gas Industry (2004)
This guide by IPIECA provides managers in the oil and gas industry with an understanding of how to make use of Social Impact Assessments. It includes a detailed reference section.

IFC Sustainability Framework (2011) Performance Standard 1: Assessment and Management of Environmental and Social Risks and Impacts
In August 2011, the IFC disclosed its updated Sustainability Framework, originally developed in 2006, strengthening IFC's commitment to critical issues such as transparency, climate change, business and human rights, and supply-chain management. Performance Standard 1 establishes the importance of (i) integrated assessment to identify the environmental and social impacts, risks and opportunities of projects; (ii) effective community engagement through disclosure of project-related information and consultation with local communities on matters that directly affect them; and (iii) the client’s management of environmental and social performance throughout the life of the project.

International Association for Impact Assessment
The IAIA website provides a number of downloadable publications covering a range of issues related to impact assessments of all varieties.

Strategic Environmental Assessment – Concept and Practice (2005)
This Environmental Strategy Note from the World Bank sketches the evolution of the SEA concept, summarizes regional and country approaches to SEA, and provides guidance on the successful implementation of SEAs.

Environmental Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory – Life-Cycle Thinking for the Oil and Gas Exploration and Production Industry by D. Elcock (2007)
Describes the concept of life-cycle thinking and how it might be used to evaluate oil and gas industry issues, particularly those related to exploration and production.

Center for Environmental Excellence - Indirect Effects/Cumulative Impacts
This website provides a general overview of indirect and cumulative effects. The primary focus is on the transportation industry; however, many ideas and concepts are also applicable to the oil and gas industry. Information on laws, regulations and guidance are listed for further reference.

Cumulative Effects Assessment Practitioner’s Guide (1999)
Prepared for the Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency (CEAA), this Guide focuses on practical considerations for conducting Cumulative Effects Assessments.

Guidelines for the Assessment of Indirect and Cumulative Impacts as well as Impact Interactions (1999)
Commissioned by the European Commission, these guidelines give advice on how to approach, identify and assess impacts during the various stages of an Environmental Impact Assessment.

International Association for Impact Assessment (IAIA) - Cumulative Effects Assessment and Management (CEAM)
This portion of the IAIA website provides a step-by-step reference framework for Cumulative Effects Assessment Management.

United States Environmental Protection Agency - Consideration of Cumulative Impacts in EPA Review of NEPA Documents
This document covers various aspects of cumulative impacts reviews, demonstrates how the assessments can be undertaken, and explains resources and ecosystems components.